Pazo de Santa Cruz de Rivadulla | El jardín renacentista de referencia en Galicia
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The Pazo

Layout

In the second half of the sixteenth century the property was walled and internally divided into three main areas, forest land, farming land and the “resevado” by the house, where orchard and garden were formed.

The original layout was planned as a single, rational and orthogonal unit. Avenues and walks to separate the different plots of land and facilitate access to them were formed. The compound has a monumental scale layout that suggests Renaissance influences.

Cultivating olive trees was used to produce oil, and therefore the farm was provided with a mill and -Roman style- press , which was preserved until recent years. Oil production lasted until the twentieth century.

Olivos 1100x374
Vine arbour

Growing grapes, red and white, was another important crop. With them, the appreciated Ulla wine, was produced. This winery had four wine presses. The wine was kept in the cellar, where oak and chestnut barrels were placed.

Vine growing, originally existing in the primitive compound, was included to the new layout, adding vine arbours with important carved granite columns around the cellar and the walls.

"La Coca" fountain

“La Coca” fountain, in front of the main building, was built by Diego de Romay’s compostelan  workshop , executor of many designs of the great Baroque compostelan architects.

 

It was commissioned by the first Marquis of Santa Cruz de Rivadulla, Andrés Ibáñez de Mondragón and Ozores Sotomayor.

 

“La Coca”, Galician name given to the winged dragon of mythology, is the old lineage Mondragón heraldic symbol. This is represented in several coats of the Pazo de Santa Cruz de Rivadulla as two intertwined dragons-”Cocas”.